A really simple HTML5 template

1/19/2011


Lately I’m using more and more HTML5 elements on my markup. It’s the right thing to do after all, especially on smaller, flexible projects. But as a typical developer I’m too lazy to type everything from scratch, that’s why I'm using more and more the HTML5 Boilerplate from Paul Irish. It’s great but I catch myself deleting many files and lines of code every time, in order to make Boilerplate fulfil my requirements. After all, in most cases I don’t really need things like YUI Profiler, Google Analytics, favicons/iPhone icons and many others for a quick prototype. What I really need, is a very simple template with less features, scripts, and tools! Below you can see/use my HTML5 Boilerplate...

Markup:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <title>Really simple HTML5 template</title>

    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="style.css" />

    <!--[if lt IE 9
      ]><script src="http://html5shiv.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/html5.js"></script
    ><![endif]-->
  </head>
  <body>
    <h1>HTML5 Template</h1>
  </body>
</html>

A single stylesheet and just one script, will do the work just fine. (The html5shiv helps older IE browsers, to style the new HTML5 elements).

CSS:

/*! normalize.css v2.1.2 | MIT License | git.io/normalize */

/* ==========================================================================
   HTML5 display definitions
   ========================================================================== */

/**
 * Correct `block` display not defined in IE 8/9.
 */

article,
aside,
details,
figcaption,
figure,
footer,
header,
hgroup,
main,
nav,
section,
summary {
  display: block;
}

/**
 * Correct `inline-block` display not defined in IE 8/9.
 */

audio,
canvas,
video {
  display: inline-block;
}

/**
 * Prevent modern browsers from displaying `audio` without controls.
 * Remove excess height in iOS 5 devices.
 */

audio:not([controls]) {
  display: none;
  height: 0;
}

/**
 * Address styling not present in IE 8/9.
 */

[hidden] {
  display: none;
}

/* ==========================================================================
   Base
   ========================================================================== */

/**
 * 1. Set default font family to sans-serif.
 * 2. Prevent iOS text size adjust after orientation change, without disabling
 *    user zoom.
 */

html {
  font-family: sans-serif; /* 1 */
  -ms-text-size-adjust: 100%; /* 2 */
  -webkit-text-size-adjust: 100%; /* 2 */
}

/**
 * Remove default margin.
 */

body {
  margin: 0;
}

/* ==========================================================================
   Links
   ========================================================================== */

/**
 * Address `outline` inconsistency between Chrome and other browsers.
 */

a:focus {
  outline: thin dotted;
}

/**
 * Improve readability when focused and also mouse hovered in all browsers.
 */

a:active,
a:hover {
  outline: 0;
}

/* ==========================================================================
   Typography
   ========================================================================== */

/**
 * Address variable `h1` font-size and margin within `section` and `article`
 * contexts in Firefox 4+, Safari 5, and Chrome.
 */

h1 {
  font-size: 2em;
  margin: 0.67em 0;
}

/**
 * Address styling not present in IE 8/9, Safari 5, and Chrome.
 */

abbr[title] {
  border-bottom: 1px dotted;
}

/**
 * Address style set to `bolder` in Firefox 4+, Safari 5, and Chrome.
 */

b,
strong {
  font-weight: bold;
}

/**
 * Address styling not present in Safari 5 and Chrome.
 */

dfn {
  font-style: italic;
}

/**
 * Address differences between Firefox and other browsers.
 */

hr {
  -moz-box-sizing: content-box;
  box-sizing: content-box;
  height: 0;
}

/**
 * Address styling not present in IE 8/9.
 */

mark {
  background: #ff0;
  color: #000;
}

/**
 * Correct font family set oddly in Safari 5 and Chrome.
 */

code,
kbd,
pre,
samp {
  font-family: monospace, serif;
  font-size: 1em;
}

/**
 * Improve readability of pre-formatted text in all browsers.
 */

pre {
  white-space: pre-wrap;
}

/**
 * Set consistent quote types.
 */

q {
  quotes: "\201C""\201D""\2018""\2019";
}

/**
 * Address inconsistent and variable font size in all browsers.
 */

small {
  font-size: 80%;
}

/**
 * Prevent `sub` and `sup` affecting `line-height` in all browsers.
 */

sub,
sup {
  font-size: 75%;
  line-height: 0;
  position: relative;
  vertical-align: baseline;
}

sup {
  top: -0.5em;
}

sub {
  bottom: -0.25em;
}

/* ==========================================================================
   Embedded content
   ========================================================================== */

/**
 * Remove border when inside `a` element in IE 8/9.
 */

img {
  border: 0;
}

/**
 * Correct overflow displayed oddly in IE 9.
 */

svg:not(:root) {
  overflow: hidden;
}

/* ==========================================================================
   Figures
   ========================================================================== */

/**
 * Address margin not present in IE 8/9 and Safari 5.
 */

figure {
  margin: 0;
}

/* ==========================================================================
   Forms
   ========================================================================== */

/**
 * Define consistent border, margin, and padding.
 */

fieldset {
  border: 1px solid #c0c0c0;
  margin: 0 2px;
  padding: 0.35em 0.625em 0.75em;
}

/**
 * 1. Correct `color` not being inherited in IE 8/9.
 * 2. Remove padding so people aren't caught out if they zero out fieldsets.
 */

legend {
  border: 0; /* 1 */
  padding: 0; /* 2 */
}

/**
 * 1. Correct font family not being inherited in all browsers.
 * 2. Correct font size not being inherited in all browsers.
 * 3. Address margins set differently in Firefox 4+, Safari 5, and Chrome.
 */

button,
input,
select,
textarea {
  font-family: inherit; /* 1 */
  font-size: 100%; /* 2 */
  margin: 0; /* 3 */
}

/**
 * Address Firefox 4+ setting `line-height` on `input` using `!important` in
 * the UA stylesheet.
 */

button,
input {
  line-height: normal;
}

/**
 * Address inconsistent `text-transform` inheritance for `button` and `select`.
 * All other form control elements do not inherit `text-transform` values.
 * Correct `button` style inheritance in Chrome, Safari 5+, and IE 8+.
 * Correct `select` style inheritance in Firefox 4+ and Opera.
 */

button,
select {
  text-transform: none;
}

/**
 * 1. Avoid the WebKit bug in Android 4.0.* where (2) destroys native `audio`
 *    and `video` controls.
 * 2. Correct inability to style clickable `input` types in iOS.
 * 3. Improve usability and consistency of cursor style between image-type
 *    `input` and others.
 */

button,
html input[type="button"], /* 1 */
input[type="reset"],
input[type="submit"] {
  -webkit-appearance: button; /* 2 */
  cursor: pointer; /* 3 */
}

/**
 * Re-set default cursor for disabled elements.
 */

button[disabled],
html input[disabled] {
  cursor: default;
}

/**
 * 1. Address box sizing set to `content-box` in IE 8/9.
 * 2. Remove excess padding in IE 8/9.
 */

input[type="checkbox"],
input[type="radio"] {
  box-sizing: border-box; /* 1 */
  padding: 0; /* 2 */
}

/**
 * 1. Address `appearance` set to `searchfield` in Safari 5 and Chrome.
 * 2. Address `box-sizing` set to `border-box` in Safari 5 and Chrome
 *    (include `-moz` to future-proof).
 */

input[type="search"] {
  -webkit-appearance: textfield; /* 1 */
  -moz-box-sizing: content-box;
  -webkit-box-sizing: content-box; /* 2 */
  box-sizing: content-box;
}

/**
 * Remove inner padding and search cancel button in Safari 5 and Chrome
 * on OS X.
 */

input[type="search"]::-webkit-search-cancel-button,
input[type="search"]::-webkit-search-decoration {
  -webkit-appearance: none;
}

/**
 * Remove inner padding and border in Firefox 4+.
 */

button::-moz-focus-inner,
input::-moz-focus-inner {
  border: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

/**
 * 1. Remove default vertical scrollbar in IE 8/9.
 * 2. Improve readability and alignment in all browsers.
 */

textarea {
  overflow: auto; /* 1 */
  vertical-align: top; /* 2 */
}

/* ==========================================================================
   Tables
   ========================================================================== */

/**
 * Remove most spacing between table cells.
 */

table {
  border-collapse: collapse;
  border-spacing: 0;
}

For CSS, I’m just using the normalize.css.

That’s it, our super minimal HTML5 template is ready for use! Just copy, paste and enjoy...